Experiencias de inglés como medio de instrucción. Centrarse en la forma como una estrategia para desarrollar la alfabetización específica de la materia

Palabras clave: Inglés como medio de instrucción, atención a la forma, estrategias pragmáticas, lenguaje disciplinar, apoyo lingüístico

Resumen

Este artículo tiene por objetivo analizar clases magistrales de inglés como medio de instrucción en la Universidad de Zaragoza (España) para definir hasta qué punto el inglés es sólo el “medio” o la “lengua franca” para obtener un propósito de enseñanza-aprendizaje respecto al contenido de las asignaturas o si estas clases también son sensibles al aprendizaje del idioma. El estudio aborda comentarios metalingüísticos realizados por los profesores durante sus clases en las que se “prestan atención a la forma", es decir, cambian del contenido relacionado con las asignaturas a aspectos formales de la lengua (ej., vocabulario, pronunciación, etc.). Estos comentarios metalingüísticos se analizan como una estrategia pragmática entre otras empleadas por los profesores para prevenir y superar las dificultades de comprensión que experimentan sus alumnos. El corpus del estudio consta de 14 horas de clases magistrales grabadas en en dos disciplinas diferentes (Administración de Empresas y Nanociencia). La metodología se basa en un análisis discursivo-pragmático de las transcripciones de las clases, así como en entrevistas semiestructuradas con los profesores para comprender su percepción sobre el propio uso de esta y otras estrategias pragmáticas. Los resultados del estudio contribuyen a evidenciar el apoyo de los docentes de inglés como medio de instrucción a sus estudiantes con el lenguaje disciplinar a pesar de no considerarse a sí mismos como expertos en enseñanza de lengua extranjera.

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Publicado
2022-06-23
Cómo citar
Velilla Sánchez, M. Ángeles. (2022). Experiencias de inglés como medio de instrucción. Centrarse en la forma como una estrategia para desarrollar la alfabetización específica de la materia. Revista De Lenguas Para Fines Específicos, 28(1), 193-206. Recuperado a partir de https://ojsspdc.ulpgc.es/ojs/index.php/LFE/article/view/1474