Book Review: Bruce, Ian. 2020. Expressing Critical Thinking through Literary Texts.



Critical thinking, genre model, writing, text, discourse, English


The study of how critical thinking is expressed through written texts has been addressed by a diversity of scholars (such as Del Lungo Camiciotti & Tognini-Bonelli, 2004; Hunston & Thompson, 2000; Hyland & Diani, 2009; Salager-Meyer & Lewin, 2011). Drawing from prior studies, this book proposes a new theory for the manual analysis of the expression of critical thinking that identifies and categorises the genre-specific elements used by experienced writers to enact criticality. The book analyses how criticality is constructed in five different genres with the purpose of obtaining results that serve as a basis for providing pedagogical advice to the area of teaching writing and broadening the knowledge of the expression of critical thinking.


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Bruce, Ian. (2014a). Expressing Criticality in the Literature Review in Research Article Introductions in Applied Linguistics and Psychology. English for Specific Purposes, 36, 85-96.

Bruce, Ian. (2014b). Enacting Criticality in Corporate Disclosure Communication: The Genre of the Fund Manager Commentary. International Journal of Business Communication, 51(4), 315-336.

Bruce, Ian. (2016). Constructing Critical Stance in University Essays in English Literature and Sociology. English for Specific Purposes, 42, 13-25.

Bruce, Ian. (2018). The Textual Expression of Critical Thinking in PhD Discussions in Applied Linguistics. ESP Today, 6(1), 2-24.

Bruce, Ian. (2020). Expressing Critical Thinking through Disciplinary Texts: Insights from Five Genre Studies. ‎ Bloomsbury Academic.

Del Lungo Camiciotti, G. & Tognini-Bonelli, E. (Eds.). (2004). Academic Discourse: New Insights into Evaluations. Bern, Switzerland: Lang.

Hopkins, A. & Dudley-Evans, T. (1988). A Gerne-Based Investigation of the Discussion Sections in Articles and Dissertations. English for Specific Purposes, 7(2), 113-121.

Hunston, S. & Thompson, G. (2000). Evaluation in Text: Authorial Stance and the Construction of Discourse. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Hyland, K. & Diani, G. (2009). Academic Evaluation: Review Genres in University Settings. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Lombardi, Loredana et al. (2021). Primary School Teachers’ Experiences of Teaching Strategies that Promote Pupils’ Critical Thinking. Taylor & Francis Online.

Salager-Meyer, F. & Lewin, B.A. (Eds.) (2011). Crossed Words: Criticism in Scholarly Writing. Bern, Switzerland: Lang.

Swales, J.M. (1981). Aspects of Article Introductions. Birmingham, UK: The University of Aston.

Swales, J.M. (1990). Genre Analysis: English in Academic and Research Settings. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.




How to Cite

Birlea Birlea, M. (2022). Book Review: Bruce, Ian. 2020. Expressing Critical Thinking through Literary Texts. Revista De Lenguas Para Fines Específicos, 28(1), 267–271. Retrieved from